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Most important points in Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence stands as one of America’s defining documents, serving to announce colonists’ separation from Great Britain and to pave the way toward creating our independent nation today. In this article we’ll take a close look at its five most crucial points and their legal ramifications.

  1. “All men are created equal.”

The Declaration of Independence asserts that all persons are created equal and endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty and happiness. One of its signature phrases states this fact to emphasize its fundamental conviction: that every person deserves access to equal rights regardless of social standing.

This principle has significant legal ramifications, as it forms the cornerstone of equal protection under law. Equal protection means that government cannot treat people differently based on factors like race, sex or religion – making the principle of equality one of America’s founding tenets and shaping many key legal decisions throughout history.

  1. “He has constructed numerous New Offices and deployed his Officers against our people with an aim of harassing and devouring all they possess.”

This line from the Declaration of Independence emphasizes one of the primary grievances against British government: excessive and unfair taxation. Furthermore, this passage criticizes Britain for creating too many bureaucratic posts deemed unnecessary.

Since that day, this principle has had an enormous effect on American attitudes about government. The idea that government should remain limited and not overburden its citizens with unnecessary regulations has long been at the core of political ideology in America and has given birth to key legal concepts like strict scrutiny requiring government bodies to demonstrate that any proposed regulation serves a compelling interest before being validly passed into law or regulation.

  1. “Governments exist among men for their benefit; deriving their powers from the consent of those being governed.”

This phrase from the Declaration of Independence sets forth one of the core tenants of democracy: the idea that political authority emanates ultimately from its constituents rather than from monarchies or governments; those holding power gain their authority by earning consent of those they govern.

This concept has many legal ramifications, such as emphasizing free and fair elections as part of its core ideals. Additionally, this ideal is embedded within elements such as the Bill of Rights that emphasize individual liberties as part of democratic governance systems like America.

  1. “That if any form of government becomes counterproductive to these goals, the People have every right to change or abolish it.”

This line in the Declaration of Independence affirms the people’s right and duty to resist an oppressive government by rebelling against unjust laws and working for an equitable society.

Conflict has arisen between this concept and legal concepts such as upholding legal codes and procedures and following established procedures; specifically when discussing civil disobedience or political resistance. Historically this idea has dominated discussions surrounding civil disobedience or political resistance or revolution as its central points.

  1. “We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America inGeneral Congressassembled are appealing to God the Supreme Judge of all to judge with impartiality our intentions for which we stand”.

This phrase illustrates that the American Revolution wasn’t simply about seeking independence but also about creating a vision of society based on freedom, equality, and democracy. Appealing to the Supreme Judge emphasizes moral and ethical standards in governance.

This inspired the development of judicial review, wherein the judiciary branch monitors other branches’ actions to make sure they comply with democratic values and the constitution. Appealing to higher powers – be they spiritual beings or legal principles – has always been central to America’s legal system and democracy.


The Declaration of Independence sets forth principles and values which have characterized American political and legal thought from its inception to today, such as equality, individual rights, democracy, limited government. These include concepts like fairness, individual liberties, democratic participation and limited government as the cornerstones.

As we’ve seen, many of the points raised in the Declaration of Independence continue to shape American legal and political institutions today. By understanding its ideas, we can gain greater insight into American laws and governance principles.


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