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Excavator Breaker Hammer: Unleashing the Power of Precision Demolition


In the realm of heavy machinery, the excavator breaker hammer stands tall as a powerful and indispensable tool for construction and demolition projects. This hydraulic attachment is designed to crush, break, and demolish tough materials with precision and efficiency. In this article, we will delve into the world of excavator breaker hammers, exploring their functionality, advantages, applications, and the key factors to consider when using them.

Breaking Down the Breaker Hammer

Excavator breaker hammers, also known as hydraulic hammers or hydraulic breakers, are rugged attachments that harness the hydraulic power of excavators to crush and break hard materials like concrete, rock, asphalt, and more. These powerful tools consist of a piston and a chisel-like attachment that excavator breaker hammer strikes the target material, shattering it into manageable pieces.

Key Components and Functionality

  1. Hydraulic System: The heart of the excavator breaker hammer is its hydraulic system. It relies on the excavator’s hydraulic power to deliver forceful blows to the material. This system includes a hydraulic pump, valve, and hoses, which control the flow of hydraulic fluid to the hammer.
  2. Chisel or Moil Point: The chisel or moil point is the working end of the breaker hammer, responsible for delivering the impact force to the material. Various chisel designs are available to suit different applications.
  3. Cylinder: The cylinder houses the piston, which moves up and down rapidly to strike the chisel. This piston action generates the force needed to break the material.
  4. Accumulator: The accumulator helps dampen hydraulic pressure fluctuations, ensuring a steady and powerful impact on the material.

Advantages of Excavator Breaker Hammers

  • Precision Demolition: One of the biggest advantages of breaker hammers is their precision. They can selectively target specific areas of a structure or material, minimizing collateral damage.
  • Efficiency: Breaker hammers are highly efficient and can complete demolition tasks more quickly than traditional methods.
  • Versatility: These attachments are versatile and can be used for various applications, from breaking concrete in construction to quarrying and mining.
  • Reduced Labor: Breaker hammers reduce the need for manual labor, enhancing worker safety and reducing fatigue.


  1. Construction: Excavator breaker hammers are commonly used to break concrete, remove foundations, and demolish structures during construction projects.
  2. Quarrying and Mining: They are vital in extracting and breaking large rocks and ore.
  3. Roadwork: Breaker hammers are instrumental in road construction and maintenance, breaking up asphalt and concrete surfaces.
  4. Utilities Maintenance: They help repair and replace underground utilities by breaking through concrete and asphalt.

Key Considerations when Using Excavator Breaker Hammers

  1. Size and Compatibility: Ensure that the breaker hammer is the right size and compatible with your excavator to maximize efficiency.
  2. Maintenance: Regularly inspect and maintain the hydraulic system, chisel, and other components to prevent downtime.
  3. Operator Training: Proper training for operators is crucial to ensure safe and efficient operation.
  4. Safety: Implement safety measures and use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when operating a breaker hammer.


The excavator breaker hammer is a formidable tool in the construction and demolition industry. Its ability to deliver precision strikes and efficiently break down tough materials makes it an essential attachment for any excavator. By understanding its key components, advantages, applications, and safety considerations, you can harness the power of this hydraulic giant to complete your projects with precision and efficiency.

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