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Exploring the Concept and Current Trends of Smart Contracts

The digital world is always changing, with new developments improving the effectiveness and longevity of the market. Smart contracts are a particularly useful use of blockchain technology that has emerged in recent years. So, what are they, and what advantages do they provide for your business?

A Closer Look at Their Functionality 

Smart contracts (SCs) are computer programs operating based on if-then logic. These contracts are versatile and can run on various platforms, including distributed ledger technology, such as blockchains. When deployed on a blockchain, the contract resides on the network and executes predefined actions when specific conditions are met. For instance, a SC can be triggered to initiate a payment or provide a specific service. 

SCs are often associated with groundbreaking use cases, captivating the interest of many. Notably, they eliminate the need for private keys, as the code governing SCs takes control, allowing anonymous users to audit the data. Moreover, these contracts can be further decentralised to accommodate private keys. 


There is a wide range of potential uses for SCs, from the distribution of in-game currency to the closing of a real estate deal or the resolution of an insurance claim. SCs were first suggested by computer scientist Nick Szabo in 1994, and their viability has since been bolstered by the development of blockchain technology, most notably the Ethereum platform.

The automation of payments and the execution of predefined terms and conditions are the core strengths of SCs. Their potential to revolutionise industries, including finance, real estate, healthcare, insurance, and elections, is already evident. 

Real-world applications of SCs offer numerous benefits, including: 

  • Reducing costly errors through workflow automation and precise calculations 
  • Streamlining property ownership records, eliminating the need for intermediaries 
  • Improving healthcare data security and efficiency 
  • Revolutionising the future of elections with blockchain voting systems that ensure transparency and prevent fraud 
  • Simplifying business transactions and saving on legal fees 
  • Advancing peer-to-peer transactions, supply chain management, and stock management through automated business logic enforcement 

Adoption of SCs 

The current adoption of SCs underscores the need for a deeper understanding of the platforms that facilitate their use. Familiarity with platform features and the latest use cases is crucial for using the full potential of blockchain solutions in practice. 

Smart contract platforms serve as decentralised digital environments that simplify the deployment of blockchain-based decentralised applications. While SCs have found various applications, their true potential was unlocked with the success of DeFi protocols like Uniswap, MakerDAO, and Compound. DeFi demonstrated that SCs can reshape digital agreements. 

To compare SC platforms effectively, consider these key factors: 

  • Level of decentralisation 
  • Network capability
  • Transaction processing speed
  • Security features 
  • Programming languages’ support

As the multi-chain ecosystem evolves, smart contract platforms make strategic trade-offs to provide developers and users with unique advantages. Developing an SC platform and its associated application ecosystem demands tailored approaches to meet the distinct needs of target markets, especially as industries like finance, insurance, and gaming face significant disruptions. 

Bottom Line

The potential of smart contracts to improve openness, responsibility, and productivity is becoming clearer as their use becomes more widespread. The discipline is progressing significantly, yet it still has many development steps ahead.

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