Top 7 Healthcare Careers in 2020: Detailed overview
The healthcare industry offers professionals stable jobs and high-paying career opportunities. Therefore, many people want positions in hospitals or public health institutions.
There are different professions and specialties in the healthcare field, including nurses, doctors, pharmacists, nutritionists, massage therapists, and microbiologists. The list of careers in medicine is pretty broad, and each such position requires special skills, abilities, and knowledge. Accordingly, workers get different working conditions and salaries.
How to get the best healthcare jobs
Sometimes it is not enough to have a specialized education. If you are a student or graduate with no work experience, it may be difficult to stand out from the competition.
First, you need to write a competent resume, profiling your education and degree. Then you need a cover letter to attach to your resume. In the cover letter, you should point out what experience and skills you gained during your internship or while working in another institution and tell how they will benefit the potential employer.
Even if the job position does not require a cover letter, it is usually expected by the employer. Its presence shows a great interest in the vacancy and the fact that the person really spent time studying the company, rather than just thoughtlessly sending out a resume to everyone. And, in most cases, resumes with letters are considered first.
There are no clear rules about what skills and abilities to write in a cover letter, as each specialization has its own priorities. For example, in a radiologic technologist cover letter, you can indicate work experience as a radiography trainee and emphasize how interesting the work was. List the certificates that were received for the quality and care of patients. Also, write several personality skills that will help you in your career: stress-resistance, quick reaction, the ability to work in a team, and love and tolerance for patients.
Top healthcare careers
Every year the number of different professions in the medical field increases. With the development of technology and the emergence of new areas of study, new medical professions appear. Let’s take a closer look at the best job in the medical field in 2020.
Average salary data are obtained from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Surgeons are in-demand specialists. They specialize in performing operations of varying complexity to remove organs or replace and restore deformities. Surgeons have a big responsibility, as they are responsible for the person’s life on the operating table. One mistake can lead to a tragic final.
There are different specializations in surgery: neurosurgery, open-heart surgery, plastic surgery, etc.
Education: For a career in the health field as a qualified surgeon, you need to start by earning a Bachelor of Science degree, followed by four years of medical school leading to a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. During this time, you need to gain clinical experience and practice patient care. After obtaining degrees, surgeons continue their education in a medical residency. And after completing the medical residency, surgeons have to pass the certification exam and the American Board of Surgery qualification exam.
- operate on patients to repair, heal, transplant, or remove on organs in a body;
- adhere to all safety procedure before the operation;
- talk to patient’s families regarding the surgical procedures;
- coordinate with the anesthesiologist and other surgeons;
- keep records of equipment in surgery and during operations;
- advise patients on what to do after surgery;
- follow up with patients after the surgery.
The average salary is $396,767.
The pharmacist helps the patient with prescription drug treatment. Pharmacists select the medicine according to the prescription and recommend treating minor diseases that do not require doctor’s intervention. Most of them work in pharmacies.
Education: To start a career as a pharmacist, you must obtain a Doctor of Pharmacy degree and a state-issued license.
- prepare prescription medications;
- sell medicine;
- advise care homes and shelters on how to use and store medications;
- counsel patients about the treatment;
- train trainees and junior pharmacists.
The average salary is $126,120.
3. Nurse Practitioner
A nurse practitioner provides specialty and primary healthcare. They assess and diagnose patients, prescribe medications, order laboratory tests, and manage health conditions. The nurse practitioner also educates patients on how to live a healthy lifestyle.
Nurse practitioners work in a variety of specialty areas: Gerontology Health, Acute Care, Oncology, Neonatal Health, Women’s Health, Psychiatric, Mental Health, and Pediatric Health. They also work in sub-specialties like Hematology, Cardiovascular, Oncology, Sports Medicine, Neurology, and Urology.
Education: To become a nurse practitioner, you must be licensed to practice as a registered nurse. To do this, you need to obtain an associate’s or bachelor’s degree or a Nursing diploma.
- look after patients to determine the effectiveness of treatments;
- make diagnosis;
- examine patients;
- record symptoms;
- develop treatments, which may include therapies and medications;
- conduct health assessments, recording complete psychosocial and medical history
- collaborate with other physicians and nurses;
- order and interpret the results of laboratory tests.
The average salary is $107,030.
The veterinarian examines and treats animals. They can also vaccinate against diseases, perform surgeries, prescribe medications, and care for wounds. A veterinarian may also euthanize dying or sick animals.
Education: Veterinarians have to earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. It can be obtained after getting a bachelor’s degree. Every veterinarian must also be licensed.
- provide emergency care to animals;
- perform dental procedures and surgery;
- advise clients on pet care;
- conduct physical examinations;
- prescribe treatments and medications;
- do immunizations.
The average salary is $93,830.
5. Physical Therapist
Physical therapy is at the top of health careers. A physical therapist is a general practitioner. They work with patients, makeup anamnesis, and refer patients to specialists. Therapists possess advanced diagnostic methods and are good communicators.
Education: Physical therapists must have a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree. They must also have a license. For this, they must pass the national exam in physiotherapy, administered by the FSBPT.
- advise patients, physicians, and other healthcare professionals on patient care and treatment;
- create and update treatments;
- direct patient care;
- fill out the relevant medical documents about patients and their treatment;
- measure the flexibility and strength of patients.
The average salary is $88,568.
6. Dental Hygienist
Under a dentist’s supervision, a dental hygienist carries out preventive oral care and advises patients on maintaining oral health. They also clean the patient’s teeth and examine mouths for injuries and diseases.
Don’t confuse a dental hygienist with a dental assistant. Dental assistants only accompany patients to a treatment room for examination or treatment, prepare them for procedures, and sterilize instruments.
Education: Dental hygienists usually need an associate’s degree and a license.
- examine the patient’s oral health, report the results to dentists;
- give local anesthetics;
- remove and clean plaque, stains, and tartar from teeth;
- fill out treatment plans and keep records of the care that was performed;
- take dental x-rays;
- teach patients how to care for their teeth;
- complete a preliminary exam on each patient.
The average salary is $74,070.
7. Cardiovascular Technologist or Technician
A cardiovascular technician works in a cardiac cath lab and does complex procedures: stent implants, defibrillators, cardiac pacemakers, and tests to diagnose heart disease. The cardiovascular technologist takes emergency calls and participates in saving the lives of people who are having a heart attack.
Education: To be a cardiovascular technician, you need a bachelor’s degree in nursing or radiology technology. You also need to obtain a license or certificates, such as Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) and Basic Life Support (BLS).
- work with a physician during electrophysiology tests;
- prepare a patient for catheterization (administering anesthetics, positioning them on examination tables, cleaning, shaving);
- review interpretations of the physician and patient files;
- monitor the heart rates of patients and write down the information;
- carry out echocardiography tests.
The average salary is $67,080.
In this article, we have reviewed the 7 most popular and highest paying healthcare careers. Each profession’s requirements are different, but they have one thing in common – a license and an advanced degree. These two qualifications play an essential role in the employment of medical workers.